Serving wine correctly can add enjoyment to any occasion from a casual get-together with friends to a more formal dinner party. Here are some helpful tips you should know about preparing, serving and pouring wine.
Wine Serving Temperatures
The temperature at which a wine is served greatly impacts its taste. For example, serving wine cool will evoke certain crisp fruity overtones in white wines. Serving wine at room temperature allows for the maximum expression of rich berry overtones in red wines.
A bottle of wine will cool approximately 4°F for every ten minutes in the refrigerator, and will warm at about this same rate when removed from the refrigerator and left at room temperature. If you need to chill a bottle of wine in a hurry, 20 minutes in the freezer will do the trick.
Decanting is pouring wine into another vessel before serving. Decanting is typically only necessary for older wines or Ports, which contain sediment. Wine decanters allow the wine to breathe and may improve the flavor of older red wines. Younger wines also benefit from the aeration and rest that decanting provides. But a wine decanter can also be used simply for aesthetic reasons.
Before decanting a wine that contains sediment let the bottle rest upright allowing any sediment to sink to the bottom. Then slowly pour the wine into the decanter keeping the bottle angled to prevent any sediment from making its way into the wine decanter.
Still wines should be poured towards the centre of the glass, while sparkling wines should be poured against the side to preserve bubbles. To control drips, twist the bottle slightly as you tilt it upright.
When pouring wine, fill the glass no more than two-thirds (about 5-6 oz). This will allow your guests to swirl the wine and smell the bouquet. A glass can always be refilled if desired. At a dinner party, serve wine to the women and older guests first, then the men, and end with your own glass.
The type of glasses in which wines are served can be as important as the serving temperature. The shape of a wine glass can impact the taste of the wine, and for this reason, different types of wine are best served in different glasses.
The three main types of wine glasses are:
A suitable all-purpose wine glass should hold 10 oz, be transparent to allow the taster to examine the color of the wine and its body, and have a slight curve in at the top to hold in the bouquet. As a rule of thumb, having a glass that is too big is better than having a glass that is too small. The thinner the glass (or crystal) the better.
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